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Arctic National Wildlife Refuge:
An Irreplaceable Treasure
Called "America's Serengeti" for its tremendous biological productivity and diversity, the coastal plain of Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is one of the most intact and untouched ecosystems in America. The refuge is home to 42 mammal species, including more than 120,000 head of caribou; 36 species of fish, and over 160 species of birds. Many of these birds migrate to and from all fifty states and from six continents to feed and reproduce, taking full advantage of the burst of biological growth which blossoms here in the long days of the Arctic summer.
The Refuge as a Target
The refuge was established in 1960 under President Dwight Eisenhower, and while much of Alaska remains open to oil and gas drilling, oil and gas interests continue to lobby hard to drill in the refuge.
In recent years, special interests have persuaded their supporters in Congress to force several votes to allow energy extraction in the coastal plain of the Arctic Refuge, putting at risk the incredible array of wildlife that rely on the refuge for their survival. While they have gotten close, conservation groups like Audubon have held firm and helped prevent this pro-drilling legislation from moving forward in Congress.
You Can Help Protect The Arctic
Congress has introduced legislation to permanently protect the coastal plain—the biological heart of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and preserve this pristine wildlife habitat for generations to come. Ask your members of Congress to support permanent protection for the Arctic Refuge by cosponsoring this critical legislation. You can send a letter to your U.S. Senators and Representatives at the Audubon Action Center.
The Search for Lasting Energy Solutions
Drilling is a dirty and dangerous business that has historically always resulted in spills and harmed the environment. In addition, it feeds the nation's dangerous addiction to oil, which is also a major cause of global warming. Major and minor spills occur almost daily in Alaska oil fields, and these occurrences can cause lasting damage to the environment.
In addition to the threat of spills, if drilling were allowed in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge the network of roads, pipelines, gravel mines, and heavy machinery that would be needed to produce oil would industrialize the pristine wilderness of the refuge. Despite what drilling supporters have claimed, energy extraction in the Arctic Refuge would do virtually nothing to bring down energy costs or increase energy security, and new supplies of oil would not arrive for years. According to government estimates, oil from the refuge would lower prices at the gas pump by a little more than a penny/gallon and not for 20 years.
There are better solutions to our energy problems that can both protect the pristine habitat found in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and make us less dependent on oil. Audubon endorses raising fuel efficiency standards, energy conservation, and responsible development of renewable energy sources like properly-sited wind farms and solar power.